שנה שפה:

Clinical Examination, Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Arthroscopic Correlations of Ligament and Menisci injuries of Knee Joint



Ankit Syal1, Chirag H. Chudasama1, Avraham Garti2
1 Orthopedics, B.J. Medical College and Civil Hospital, Asarwa, Ahmedabad-380016, India
2 Orthopedics, Hasharon Hospital, Petah Tikwa, Israel

Purpose: Our study has been carried out due to ambiguity in results of different scientific publications. Data obtained sheds light on importance of history taking and clinical examination and verifies the importance of MRI.

Methods: Ours is a prospective cross sectional double blinded study. We reviewed 190 patients who underwent knee arthroscopy for suspected menisci and ligament injuries. Patients were divided into 2 groups on objective clinical assessment: Those who were positive for either menisci or cruciate ligament injury [group 1] and those having both menisci and ligament injury [group 2]. MRI was performed using a 1.5 Tesla machine using standard protocol at our centre and reported by a experienced radiologist. Findings of clinical examination, MRI and arthroscopy were analysed by a single independent reviewer and arthroscopy was considered as gold standard.

Results: In medial meniscus injuries we observed that there was statistically significant difference between clinical versus arthroscopy and MRI versus arthroscopy group in sensitivity (91.39 Vs 76.59, p<0.0001) and negative predictive value (89.19 Vs 76.08, p=0.0003). In lateral meniscus injuries we observed that on comparison between the two groups only positive predictive value had a significant difference (82.92 Vs 71.73, p=0.0086). In injuries of anterior cruciate ligament on comparison between the two groups there was statistically significant difference in specificity (88.88 Vs 79.07, p=0.0085) and negative predictive value (100 Vs 91.89, p<0.00001) whereas in posterior cruciate ligament injuries on comparison between the two groups there was statistically significant difference in sensitivity (11 Vs 90.9, p=0.0001) and positive predictive value (91.66 Vs 83.33, p=0.01).

Conclusion: The strength of correlation between MRI and arthroscopic findings confirms the value of MRI in assessing internal knee structures. Whereas modern imaging techniques can be invaluable in diagnosis, a competent and preferably repeated physical examination is essential.

Level of Evidence: Level II diagnostic study.

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